The dataset comprises records on fungi and fungi-like protists from Krasnokutsk hromada (commune) territory. That administrative area is situated northwest of the Kharkiv region, Ukraine, and represents typical landscapes at the interface between temperate European forests and semi-arid Pontic Steppes. Most of the area is covered by croplands, but wetlands, meadows, and forests extend along Merla and Merchik rivers. The dominant tree species in deciduous forests are Quercus robur, Acer platanoides, Tilia cordata, Fraxinus excelsior, and Ulmus spp., whereas coniferous forests are primary Pinus sylvestris plantations.
The most remarkable habitats there are acidophilous fens in depressions in pine forests. Historically, they were lakes at the river terrace. However, most are currently fens, reeds, marshes, or shallow lakes on southern banks outlined with Betula pubescens, Populus tremula, Alnus glutinosa, and sometimes with Sphagnum mosses. A few depressions near Krasnokutsk still resemble true peat bogs, with developed Sphagnum floating mat, open water surface, and suppressed pine and birch woods. Those habitats, exotic for a semi-arid zone, attracted biologists’ attention, and to protect them, the National Nature Park “Slobozhanskyi” was established in 2009.
Since 2007, the primary outcomes of mycological research have been published in research papers, conference proceedings, and students’ theses. However, all of them were finally summarized in the Chronicles of Nature of the Slobozhanskyi National Park – a yearly updated report on inventory and monitoring programs. Many specimens collected in the territory are deposited in the Mycological herbarium of the V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (CWU(Myc)), digitized with PlutoF data management system and already available on GBIF. Although most mycological research gravitated to the territory of the National Park, occasional observations of fungi and fungi-like protists from unprotected parts of the Krasnokutsk hromada also exist, primarily accessible via citizen science platform iNaturalist. During 2012-2013, mycological research was a part of Park’s inventory and monitoring program, and its results were stored in the internal database.
So the sources for the current dataset, in order of decreasing credibility, are research papers, Chronicles of Nature of the Park, conference proceedings, collection specimens from CWU(Myc), Slobozhanskyi NPP internal database, PhD and Master theses, citizen science observations.
この オカレンス（観察データと標本) リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、1,413 レコードが含まれています。
拡張データ テーブルは1 件存在しています。拡張レコードは、コアのレコードについての追加情報を提供するものです。 各拡張データ テーブル内のレコード数を以下に示します。
Prylutskyi O, Akulov O, Konotop A (2023). Fungi and fungus-like organisms of the Krasnokutsk territorial commune (hromada), Kharkiv region, Ukraine. Version 1.3. Slobozhanskyi National Nature Park. Occurrence dataset. https://ukraine.ipt.gbif.no/resource?r=krasnokutsk_fungi_2023&v=1.3
パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は Slobozhanskyi National Nature Park。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.
このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: 4be164b2-8747-4b43-b7c0-2c0802496dd2が割り当てられています。 Participant Node Managers Committee によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているSlobozhanskyi National Nature Park が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。
The territory of Krasnokutsk territorial commune (hromada), Kharkiv region, Ukraine. Most observations took place at the Slobozhanskyi National Nature Park.
|座標（緯度経度）||南 西 [49.873, 34.695], 北 東 [50.3, 35.739]|
Fungi and fungus-like organisms, including slime molds.
|Kingdom||Fungi, Chromista, Protozoa|
BioDATA grant for data mobilization including digitization, data quality assurance, data preparation, and publication of collection specimen and other species data from Ukraine to GBIF. Dataset preparation was supported within the project "Biodiversity of Krasnokutsk amalgamated territorial community (Kharkiv region)". More details on the grant program here (https://www.nhm.uio.no/english/research/projects/biodata/activities/data-mobilization-call-ukraine.html).
|タイトル||BioDATA Ukraine data mobilization grant program 2022|
|ファンデイング||BioDATA partners, NLBIF, GBIF Norway, and the UiO Natural History Museum|
|Study Area Description||The territory of Krasnokutsk territorial commune (hromada), Kharkiv region, Ukraine|
This dataset aggregates data from different sources that can be classified in two general groups: (i) literature references and (ii) direct observations. We processed published data from research papers, Chronicles of Nature, and academic theses within literature references. Most had no direct references to the occurrences, only checklists for some territories, such as Slobozhanskyi National Park. Since exact dates and places of occurrences from those sources remain unknown, we georeferenced them based on written locality descriptions (decimal Latitude/decimalLongitude as a centroid point of a locality, accompanied by coordinateUncertaintyInMeters as a distance from a centroid to the furthest point of locality). We assigned a date (eventDate) as the most precise period derived from the description. Many records obtained from published sources were duplicated due to republishing/citing the same records, especially in the regularly updated checklists like Chronicles of Nature. Such records were merged with the most precise coordinates and dates left. For the second group (collection specimens and documented occurrences), we directly translated supporting information to the DarwinCore terms. Relevant specimens from the CWU(Myc) collection were exported from PlutoF data management system (Abarenkov et al., 2010). Occurrences collected during the Park’s inventory and monitoring program were extracted from the “Field Journal” database, maintained by the National Park’s research staff. We also decided to incorporate observations from the iNaturalist platform to obtain the most comprehensive dataset of fungi and fungus-like protists records in Krasnokutsk territorial commune as of a date. Although research-grade observations from iNaturalist.org were already published through the dedicated GBIF dataset, many observations that have not reached research-grade were left behind. At the same time, non-research grade observations often represent the most interesting taxa that amateurs cannot easily identify, so they can not accumulate two or more independent identifications. On the other hand, iNaturalist’s GBIF dataset also incorporates research-grade observations of the species known to be rare and/or threatened, so the locations of their observations migrate to the iNaturalist GBIF dataset in obscured form. That leads to confusion in occurrences’ locations. We believe that providing coordinates for rare fungi as precisely as possible does not hamper threatened fungal species but facilitates their conservation, with few exceptions. So, if we knew the precise location of the occurrences published through the iNaturalist platform, we substituted obscured coordinates with precise ones. To easily distinguish data from the different sources, we used different prefixes in occurrenceID term to indicate data source: ‘litref’ (published references), ‘plutof’ (CWU(Myc) specimens from PlutoF database), ‘inat’ (iNaturalist), ‘fieldjournal’ (Slobozhanskyi National Park internal database). We aligned taxonomy with GBIF Backbone Taxonomy and Index Fungorum nomenclature database. However, for some names, we kept original names provided by the authors. All names as they provided by authors are stored in the verbatimIdentification field.
|Study Extent||The territory of Krasnokutsk territorial commune (hromada), Kharkiv region, Ukraine. Most observations took place at the Slobozhanskyi National Nature Park.|
|Quality Control||Occurrences imported from the PlutoF database have their voucher specimens stored in the V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Mycological herbarium CWU(Myc). Whenever available, data accompanied with the backlinks to the PlutoF or iNaturalist databases and photos of fresh fruit bodies.|
Method step description:
- Collecting literature references, georeferenced them and assigned dates based on descriptions.
- Aggregation of occurrence data from PlutoF, iNaturalist, and “Field Journal” databases.
- Remove duplicates by merging literature references and exact specimens/observations, whenever that is evidently the same observations.
- Normalizing taxonomy whenever possible, using GBIF species lookup tool and Index Fungorum reference database.
|コレクション名||Herbarium - V. N. Karazin National University|
- Yatsiuk, I. I., Leontyev, D. V., & Shlakhter, M. L. (2018). Myxomycetes of the National Nature Park Slobozhanskiy (Ukraine): Biodiversity and noteworthy species. Nordic Journal of Botany, 36(1_2), njb-01605. https://doi.org/10.1111/njb.01605
- Prylutskyi, O. (2014) Agaricoid fungi (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota) of sphagnum bogs and wetland forests of the Slobozhansky National Nature Park. Studia Biologica, 8 (3–4), 179–186
- Chvikov, V., & Prylutskyi, О. (2020). Annotated checklist of Hygrophoraceae (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) of Ukraine. Biodiversity, Ecology and Experimental Biology, 22(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.34142/2708-5848.2020.22.2.01
- Chronicles of Nature of the Slobozhanskyi National Nature Park (2013-2022). Krasnokutsk.
- Mieshkov, Ya. (2021) Preliminary list of Fungi and Fungus-like organisms of the National Nature Park "Slobozhanskyi". Supplementary for the Bachelor thesis "Xylotrophic fungi of the National Nature Park "Slobozhanskyi"", V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University.
- Pukovetska, O. (2015) Myxogasteromycetes slime molds of NNP “Slobozhanskiy”. Master thesis. V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University.
- Shuvaiev, V. (2018) Aquatic Pseudofungi (Fungus-like protists) of the National Natural Park "Slobozhanskyi". Master thesis. V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University.
- Zlenko, O. (2015) Dematioid hyphomycetes of the National Nature Park "Slobozhanskyi". Master thesis. V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University.
- Abarenkov, K., Tedersoo, L., Nilsson, R. H., Vellak, K., Saar, I., Veldre, V., Parmasto, E., Prous, M., Aan, A., Ots, M., Kurina, O., Ostonen, I., Jõgeva, J., Halapuu, S., Põldmaa, K., Toots, M., Truu, J., Larsson, K.-H., & Kõljalg, U. (2010). PlutoF – a Web Based Workbench for Ecological and Taxonomic Research, with an Online Implementation for Fungal ITS Sequences. Evolutionary Bioinformatics, 6, EBO.S6271. https://doi.org/10.4137/EBO.S6271