Modern distribution of the European ground squirrel (Spermophilus citellus) in Ukraine

Latest version published by Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO) on Sept 14, 2022 Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO)
Publication date:
14 September 2022
CC-BY 4.0

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The dataset contains results of the detailed survey of the European ground squirrel in Ukraine in 2022.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,642 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Rusin M (2022): Modern distribution of the European ground squirrel (Spermophilus citellus) in Ukraine. v1.1. Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO). Dataset/Occurrence.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: e27b9bd0-74f3-4431-ae5f-da6f0e6e9784.  Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.


Occurrence; European ground squirrel; active burrow; Observation


Mikhail Rusin
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Principal Investigator
I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine | Kyiv Zoo
Vul. B. Khmelnytskogo, 15
01030 Kyiv
Oleksii Marushchak
  • Programmer
junior researcher
I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine
Vul. B. Khmelnytskogo, 15
01030 Kyiv

Geographic Coverage

Southern Vinnytsia and Eastern Chernivtsi provinces of Ukraine.

Bounding Coordinates South West [48.16, 26.423], North East [48.779, 29.282]

Taxonomic Coverage

The dataset consists of records of European sousliks (Spermophilus citellus).

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Rodentia
Family Sciuridae
Genus Spermophilus
Species Spermophilus citellus

Temporal Coverage

Formation Period 2022

Project Data

No Description available

Title European ground squirrel in Ukraine: status and conservation efforts
Identifier project 220528570
Funding The Mohammed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund.
Study Area Description Chernivtsi, Vinnytsia and Zakarpattia regions of Ukraine.
Design Description The goal of the project is to gather data on the modern distribution of European ground squirrels and to develop conservation activities for all found colonies.

The personnel involved in the project:

Sampling Methods

The mapping of European ground squirrels (EGS) was performed by pedestrian examination of potential habitats (pastrures) in the areas were EGS have been previously reported. From two to five pedestrians were involved in the burrow census. Distance from each observer was 5-20 m on the areas with no souslik presence informatiom. Whenever we record any burrow (either active or inactive), we applied more tight formation with distance 3-5 m between obervers. Each burrow was geotagged in the field using hand-held GPS Garmin eTrex30x with accuracy app. 3 m. Only visually active burrows were geotagged, e.g. those having signs of EGS regular visiting the burrow (feces of EGS, open entrance with no mud inside, no spider webs etc.). The only exception was on colony Bernovo2, where we had no access to GPS device, but geotagged some burrows using mobile phone. To separate EGS from close species (Spermophilus suslicus), either photographing of sousliks or live-trapping has been performed on most colonies.

Study Extent The burrow census was performed in May-July 2022 within eastern part of Chernivtsi Oblast and southern part of Vinnytsia Oblast'.
Quality Control The author is fully responsible for the quality of data provided within the dataset.

Method step description:

  1. Conducting of field trips and visual identification of the animals or signs of their presence.
  2. Georeferencing.
  3. Organizing of dataset according to Darwin Core standards.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers e27b9bd0-74f3-4431-ae5f-da6f0e6e9784