Occurrences of Spalax zemni

Latest version published by Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO) on Aug 29, 2022 Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO)
Publication date:
29 August 2022
CC-BY-NC 4.0

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The dataset contains occurrences of Spalax zemni, gathered in the field expeditions during 2016-2020 in Ukraine.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 213 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Occurrence (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Rusin M, Ghazali M (2021): Occurrences of Spalax zemni. v1.0. Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO). Dataset/Occurrence. https://gbif.univer.kharkov.ua/resource?r=spalaxzemni&v=1.0


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 3cc90eba-6de4-4d39-8f9a-8e1770120f10.  Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.


Occurrence; Mole-rat; Ukraine; Mykolaiv; Zaporizhya; Dnipro; Distribution; Occurrence


Mikhail Rusin
  • Metadata Provider
  • Point Of Contact
Kyiv Zoo
Maria Ghazali
  • Originator
Senior Researcher
I.I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine
Mikhail Rusin
  • Metadata Provider
  • Point Of Contact
Kyiv Zoo
Oleh Prylutskyi
  • Custodian Steward
Associate professor
V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

Geographic Coverage

Ukraine: Mykolaiv, Kherson, Zaporizhia, Dnipro, Kropyvnytsky, Vinnytsia, Kyiv, Cherkasy, Khmelnytskyi, Zhytomyr, partially Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk Regions.

Bounding Coordinates South West [44.151, 22.061], North East [52.376, 40.518]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Species Spalax zemni (Mole-rat)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2016-01-01 / 2020-01-01

Project Data

No Description available

Title Extent of occurrence of Spalax zemni
Identifier 170515299
Funding The Mohamed Bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund
Study Area Description Ukraine: Mykolaiv, Kherson, Zaporizhia, Dnipro, Kropyvnytsky, Vinnytsia, Kyiv, Cherkasy, Khmelnytskyi, Zhytomyr, partially Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk Regions.
Design Description The goal of the project was to collect modern data on the distribution of Spalax zemni – a species listed as Vulnerable in IUCN Red List and The Red Book of Ukraine. As a result, we recorded that currently S. zemni is common in the region between cities of Kropyvnytskyi, Mykolaiv, Zaporizhya and Dnipro. Outside of this region occurrences are scarce. This may mean that the species lost large part of its distribution range.

The personnel involved in the project:

Mikhail Rusin
  • Principal Investigator
Maria Ghazali
  • Content Provider

Sampling Methods

Most of the occurrences were recorded using GPS Garmin eTrex30 and eTrex30x. Presence of mole-rats was identified by soil mounds. In many cases mounds were recorded during driving the car, thus the accuracy of points is app. 100-200m (it took few seconds from noticing the mounds to record the location in GPS). In cases of uncertainty tunnels were excavated to measure the burrow diameter. In several cases mole-rats were captured and genotyped. For genotyping we used cytB mitochondrial gene. This allowed to correctly place populations with controversial species status within S. zemni.

Study Extent Mapping of mole-rats was done in different seasons, mainly along highways, but also in the countryside.
Quality Control To correctly identify species living in the underground burrow two approaches were made: 1) burrows were excavates to measure the diameter; 2) animals were captured and genotyped. Only genotyping allows to correctly identify species within this genus. For genotyping we used cytB gene.

Method step description:

  1. Driving motorway and countryside roads.
  2. Mapping all mounds of mole-rats using GPS Garmin eTrex 30/30x.
  3. Undigging suspicious tunnels.
  4. Trapping of animals in few cases.
  5. Tissue sampling.
  6. Occurrences imported from GPS device to Garmin BaseCamp.
  7. Occurrences from BaseCamp exported to produce DwC compatible database.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 3cc90eba-6de4-4d39-8f9a-8e1770120f10