SMNH NASU Invertebrates collection

Occurrence
Latest version published by State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on Jul 3, 2024 State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

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Description

This dataset contains the data on specimens of invertebrates deposited in the State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine (Lviv, Ukraine) that were chosen as prioritized for digitization in 2023-2024 in frames of the NRFU (National Research Foundation of Ukraine) project to virtually preserve them in case of possible destruction due to hostilities.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 3,660 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Rizun V, Susulovsky A, Hushtan H, Hushtan K, Susulovska S, Leleka D, Novikov A (2024). SMNH NASU Invertebrates collection. Version 1.2. State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Occurrence dataset. https://ukraine.ipt.gbif.no/resource?r=smnh-nasu_invertebrates&v=1.2

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: bdc8cabb-98c5-460b-8173-a7d3fa7b7b19.  State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.

Keywords

SMNH NASU; collection; preserved specimens; invertebrates; occurrence

Contacts

Volodymyr Rizun
  • Originator
head of department
State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine
Teatralna str. 18
79008 Lviv
UA
Andrij Susulovsky
  • Originator
head of department
State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine
Teatralna str. 18
79008 Lviv
UA
Habriel Hushtan
  • Originator
research scientist
State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine
Teatralna str. 18
79008 Lviv
UA
Kateryna Hushtan
  • Originator
research scientist
State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine
Teatralna str. 18
79008 Lviv
UA
Solomia Susulovska
  • Originator
junior research scientist
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
Hrushevskoho str. 4
79005 Lviv
UA
Dmytro Leleka
  • Originator
PhD student
Institute of Ecology of the Carpathians of the NAS of Ukraine
Kozelnytska str. 4
79026 Lviv
Andriy Novikov
  • Metadata Provider
  • Programmer
  • Point Of Contact
senior research scientist
State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine
Teatralna str. 18
79008 Lviv
UA

Geographic Coverage

No Description available

Bounding Coordinates South West [6.557, -9.765], North East [55.909, 157.04]

Project Data

One of the challenges facing the Ukrainian scientific community as a result of Russia's military invasion remains the threat of damage and destruction of scientific collections. Scientific collections suffer both directly from hostilities and from several accompanying negative factors. Some scientific collections in Ukraine were lost or damaged as a result of looting, bombings, resulting fires, and the destruction of storage facilities. However, the rest of Ukrainian scientific collections remain vulnerable. In particular, some natural collections were and continue to be negatively affected by the war due to indirect factors that in the short term may lead to their complete or partial loss. The collections of the State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine belong to the national heritage and are of special value to Ukrainian society and the world scientific and cultural community. The scientific funds of the museum have been formed since 1870 and today comprise over 400,000 units. The vulnerable collections kept in the museum include the funds of invertebrate animals (over 170,000 specimens), vascular plants (over 118,000 specimens) and non-vascular plants (over 26,000 specimens). Each of these collections has already been adversely affected by the movement that took place at the beginning of the war to secure them. Every day these collections continue to be adversely affected by the war due to the impossibility of maintaining storage in a conditions of regular power outages. Violation of the storage regime is accompanied by specimens' damage by pests, mold and moisture, which in the near future may lead to their complete or partial loss. It will be impossible to renew or replace these collections, because most of the hosting specimens are unique. Their loss will lead to the formation of a significant and irreparable scientific gap since these collections serve to establish the history of biota formation, biogeographical, phylogenetic and taxonomic studies. Veiled factor that also negatively affects Ukrainian scientific collections is limited access to them due to being in bomb shelters and/or safety conservation measures. Most Ukrainian scientific collections remain inaccessible to foreign researchers due to the impossibility of visiting them. This has a negative impact on the integration of Ukrainian scientific collections into the global research process; foreign researchers are forced to avoid projects involving the Ukrainian collections. A solution of the problem of preservation and accessibility of scientific collections is their digitization and placement in online databases. Natural science collections are actively being digitized all over the world. Digitization, of course, does not eliminate the negative factors that lead to the destruction of collections, but it allows them to be preserved in a virtual format and more actively involved in the scientific research process. Digital specimens do not replace the originals, the value of which remains high for science, but they are a valuable addition. In parallel with the usual digitization of natural collections, scientists often resort to non-trivial ways of obtaining digital information about biological specimens. In particular, the molecular analysis of the DNA is also a kind of digitization that allows to obtain information about the structure of a separate fragment or the entire genome of a particular biological specimen. Such genetic data is often more valuable than a digital image of a specimen. Even in a case of highresolution image, it is not always possible to detect the features that are significant for the phylogeny or systematics. As part of this project, by digitizing the most vulnerable and valuable specimens stored in the State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine, it is planned to develop protocols for digitizing vulnerable natural history collections. Digitized information is planned to be openly published in "Biodiversity of Ukraine", GBIF and Zenodo databases. It is also planned to carry out molecular analysis of certain type specimens in order to assess the prospects of using this kind of digitization. The developed protocols will be published in open access in order to involve other scientific institutions and collections in the digitization process. It is also planned to digitize and make freely available the data of about 6,000 specimens of vascular plants, 3,000 specimens of nonvascular plants and 3,200 specimens of invertebrate animals that are hosted in the State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. The project was prepared in accordance with the current conditions of the competition, which includes digitization of scientific collections. The project does not contain, does not involve work with information, and also does not aim to produce information that constitutes or will constitute a state secret (according to the Law of Ukraine "On State Secrets").

Title Digitization of natural history collections damaged as a result of hostilities and related factors: development of protocols and implementation on the basis of the State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Identifier 2022.01/0013
Funding National Research Foundation of Ukraine, call 2022.01 "Science for the Recovery of Ukraine in the War and Post-War Periods"
Study Area Description The project 2022.01/0013 "Digitization of natural history collections damaged as a result of hostilities and related factors: development of protocols and implementation on the basis of the State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine" is implemented with the grant support of the National Research Foundation of Ukraine, call 2022.01 "Science for the Recovery of Ukraine in the War and Post-War Periods". The contents of this dataset do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Research Foundation of Ukraine and are the sole responsibility of the State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine.

The personnel involved in the project:

Andriy Novikov
Volodymyr Rizun
Andrij Susulovsky
Habriel Hushtan
Kateryna Hushtan
Anastasiia Savytska
Oleksandr Kuzyarin
Viktor Nachychko
Solomia Susulovska

Sampling Methods

Different sampling methods were applied depending on the organism group. Most of the specimens represented in the dataset were sampled directly from the wild in different periods. They were dried and pinned (bugs and butterflies) or permanent microscopic slides were prepared (oribatid mites and nematodes). All these specimens are officially deposited at the State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine (Lviv, Ukraine) and are available for further investigations upon request. The data were captured from the specimnes' labels.

Study Extent The study covers different groups of invertebrates deposited as preserved specimens at the State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine (Lviv, Ukraine). These specimens were selected as those having the main priority for digitization by respective sub-collections' curators.
Quality Control The data were first checked and verified manually using MS Excel and then additionally cross-checked in the OpenRefine environment. The taxonomic names were checked to correspond to the GBIF taxonomic backbone and EOL. GBIF data validator has been applied to final check the dataset before uploading.

Method step description:

  1. 1. The prioritized specimens were selected and checked for preserving status, and presence of the readable label, and generally evaluated for fitting to digitization protocols and available technical facilities. 2. The still image of each specimen has been captured using different photosystems available at the State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine (Lviv, Ukraine) in RAW (master file) and JPEG (distributive file) formats. 3. The data from the labels has been manually filled into the table from the created images. 4. The first step of data quality control has been realized, checking for typos, technical mistakes, and errors. 5. The occurrence records were georeferenced using the data from the field "locality" and coordinates accuracy has been evaluated. 6. The second step of data quality control has been realized, checking for consistency of provided coordinates and localities descriptions. 7. Separate datasets curated by respective sub-collections' curators were merged into the common dataset. 8. The third step of data quality control has been realized, checking for consistency of provided data in the merged dataset. 9. Dataset has been published.

Collection Data

Collection Name Invertebrates of SMNH NASU
Parent Collection Identifier https://ror.org/019qyzj84
Specimen preservation methods Dried,  Pinned,  Formalin,  Alcohol,  Glycerin,  Microscopic preparation
Curatorial Units Count 180,000 +/- 1,000 specimens

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Novikov, A.V., Hushtan, H.H., Hushtan, K.V., Kuzyarin, O.T., Leleka, D.Y., Nachychko, V.O., Prots, B.H., Rizun, V.B., Savytska, A.G., Susulovska, S.A., & Susulovsky, A.S. Outlining the aims and format of the project “Digitisation of natural history collections damaged as a result of hostilities and related factors: development of protocols and implementation based on the State Museum of Natural History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”. Proceedings of the State Museum of Natural History of the NAS of Ukraine, 2023, Vol. 39. P. 19–30. https://doi.org/10.36885/nzdpm.2023.39.19-30 (In Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.36885/nzdpm.2023.39.19-30
  2. Новіков А., Гуштан Г., Гуштан К., Кузярін О., Лелека Д., Начичко В., Різун В., Савицька А., Сусуловська С., Сусуловський А. Оцифрування уразливих природничих колекцій ver. 0.1 (робочий варіант). Львів: Державний природознавчий музей НАН України, 2023. 85 с. (Препринт) https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10251788
  3. Novikov A., Sup-Novikova M., Nachychko V., Kuzyarin O. Testing budget photosystems to reach an optimal solution for the herbarium digitization purposes. Plant Introduction. 2023. Vol. 99–100. P. 36–46 https://doi.org/10.46341/PI2023010
  4. Novikov A, Savytska A, Kuzyarin O, Nachychko V, Susulovska S, Rizun V, Susulovsky A, Hushtan H, Hushtan K, Leleka D (2024) Data mobilisation in the LWS Herbarium: success and prospects. Biodiversity Data Journal, 2023, Vol. 12. e117292. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.12.e117292

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers bdc8cabb-98c5-460b-8173-a7d3fa7b7b19
https://ukraine.ipt.gbif.no/resource?r=smnh-nasu_invertebrates