Field observation of Spalax arenarius during 2016-2021

Latest version published by Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO) on Feb 25, 2023 Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO)
Publication date:
25 February 2023
CC-BY 4.0

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 1,004 records in English (37 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (10 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (11 KB)


The dataset contains verified localities of the sandy mole rat (Spalax arenarius) that were verified during the field expeditions. The goal was to co study in details Extent of occurrence and Area of Occupancy.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,004 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Rusin M (2023): Field observation of Spalax arenarius during 2016-2021. v1.0. Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO). Dataset/Occurrence.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 5c216d11-fe9a-4953-b9e4-1feb0b8bf788.  Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.


Occurrence; Ukraine; mammals; rodents; Lower Dnieper Sands; biodiversity; Spalax; Spalax arenarius; sandy mole rat; Southern Ukraine; Observation


Mikhail Rusin
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine | Kyiv Zoo
Vul. B. Khmelnytskogo, 15
01030 Kyiv
Oleksii Marushchak
  • Programmer
junior researcher
I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine
Vul. B. Khmelnytskogo, 15
01030 Kyiv

Geographic Coverage

The dataset consists of records made in Lower Dnieper sands in Kherson and Mykolaiv administrative regions of Ukraine.

Bounding Coordinates South West [45.71, 30.207], North East [48.228, 35.068]

Taxonomic Coverage

The dataset consists of records of Spalax arenarius only.

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Rodentia
Family Spalacidae
Genus Spalax
Species Spalax arenarius

Temporal Coverage

Formation Period 2016/2021

Project Data

No Description available

Title Current distribution of sandy mole rat (Spalax arenarius)
Identifier 160513635
Funding The Mohamed Bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund

The personnel involved in the project:

Mikhail Rusin

Sampling Methods

Most of the mole rats were identified based on the presence of specific mounds. Only fresh mounds were registered. When the population was continuous coordinates were recorded evenly every 100-250m. Geographic coordinates were recorded using handheld GPS navigator Garmin eTrex 30 and 30x. WGS84 datum was used. To achieve maximum precision GPS+GLONASS were used, resulting in less than 5m accuracy in most cases. Elevation above sea level was recorded using built-in barometric altimeter with Garmin eTrex 30/30x. From eight mole rats DNA samples were collected, and NCBI GenBank accession numbers included.

Study Extent The records were collected during 7 expeditions to Kherson and Mykolaiv Regions: April 2016, November 2016, May 2017, July 2017, June 2019, August 2020, May 2021. The expeditions covered an area between: Kakhovka-Chaplynka-Kalanchak-Skadovsk-Lazurne-Slipushynske-Chulakivka-Ivanivka-end of Kinburn Spit-Heroiske-Rybalche-Hola Prystan-Kardashinka-Oleshky-Kozachi Laheri-Nova Kakhovka.
Quality Control The author is fully responsible for the quality of data provided within the dataset.

Method step description:

  1. Recording coordinates of mole rat mounds with GPS during driving and walking.
  2. DNA collection.
  3. Import occurrence from GPS device to Garmin BaseCamp.
  4. Export occurences from BaseCamp to tab-delimited txt file and make DwC compatible database.

Additional Metadata