Blind mole rat (Spalacidae) sampling, used for phylogenetic analyses

Latest version published by Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO) on Jan 10, 2024 Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO)
Publication date:
10 January 2024
CC-BY 4.0

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The dataset contains detailed sampling data on the mole rats (genus Spalax and Nannospalax) used for phylogenetic analyses.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 64 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Rusin M (2024). Blind mole rat (Spalacidae) sampling, used for phylogenetic analyses. Version 1.2. Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO). Occurrence dataset.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 368d59c2-8b6e-45a5-9209-ead5a8461614.  Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group (NGO) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.


Occurrence; Spalax; mole rat; rodents; biodiversity; Eastern Europe; Nannospalax; mammals; Observation


Mikhail Rusin
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Oleksii Marushchak
  • Custodian Steward
junior researcher
I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine
Vul. B. Khmelnytskogo, 15
01030 Kyiv

Geographic Coverage

The dataset consists of records from Romania, Ukraine and Russia.

Bounding Coordinates South West [43.24, 23.72], North East [48.657, 47.49]

Taxonomic Coverage

The dataset consists of rodents from genera Spalax and Nannospalax.

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Rodentia
Family Spalacidae
Genus Spalax, Nannospalax

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2009-05-15 / 2019-04-09

Sampling Methods

41 new original samples of seven Spalacidae were collected in Ukraine, Romania and Russia during 2016-2019 years. Additional samples denote material accessible via GenBank (19 samples). Mole rats were collected in the field using hoe technic, gophinator traps or hand-picked (live captured during dispersal above ground or road mortality). Tissue samples were collected in 96% ethanol. DNA isolation and amplification has been performed in the Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University (Türkiye) and sequencing outsourced in Macrogen (the Netherlands). One mitochondrial gene (full cytochrome b) and one nuclear gene (first exon of IRBP) were obtained for most of the samples. All original nucleotide data uploaded to NCBI GenBank.

Study Extent The dataset consists of records of small rodents from Spalacidae family made on the territory of Romania, Ukraine and Russia in the period from 2009 to 2019 by author with the help of additional resources.
Quality Control All species identified in the field, and with genetic markers.

Method step description:

  1. Surveys for mole rats: detailed results of surveys available at;;
  2. Animal trapping.
  3. Sample storage in ethanol.
  4. DNA isolation.
  5. DNA amplification.
  6. DNA sequencing.
  7. Uploading original nucleotide sequences to NCBI GenBank.
  8. Preparing a dataset of samples according to Darwin Core standards.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Rusin, M., Çetintaş, O., Ghazali, M., Sándor, A. D., & Yanchukov, A. (2023). Underworld: Evolution of blind mole rats in Eastern Europe. Preprint.
  2. Németh A, Homonnay ZG, Krízsik V, et al (2013) Old views and new insights: taxonomic revision of the Bukovina blind mole rat, Spalax graecus (Rodentia: Spalacinae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 169:903–914.
  3. Chişamera G, Bužan EV, Sahlean T, et al (2014) Bukovina blind mole rat Spalax graecus revisited: phylogenetics, morphology, taxonomy, habitat associations and conservation. Mammal Review 44:19–29.
  4. Stanhope MJ, Czelusniak J, Si JS, et al (1992) A molecular perspective on mammalian evolution from the gene encoding interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein, with convincing evidence for bat monophyly. Mol Phylogenet Evol 1:148–160.
  5. Meredith RW, Janečka JE, Gatesy J, et al (2011) Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification. Science 334:521–524.
  6. Fang X, Nevo E, Han L, et al (2014) Genome-wide adaptive complexes to underground stresses in blind mole rats Spalax. Nat Commun 5:3966.
  7. Steppan SJ, Schenk JJ (2017) Muroid rodent phylogenetics: 900-species tree reveals increasing diversification rates. PLoS One 12:e0183070.
  8. Spradling TA, Hafner MS, Demastes JW (2001) Differences in Rate of Cytochrome-b Evolution Among Species of Rodents. J Mammal 82:65–80.<0065:DIROCB>2.0.CO;2

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 368d59c2-8b6e-45a5-9209-ead5a8461614